Working with targets

The previous section explained how to create a single target associated with a DFS link. However, you can associate multiple targets (copies of a share) with a given link. This provides failover so that if the server hosting a particular target is offline or the share is unavailable, then users can still access the data in the share. This failover process happens transparently to the user, who sees a single share under a given DFS link, even though there might be several.

Tip Windows Server 2003 uses the term target synonymously with replica. Windows 2000 uses the term replica.

To create a new target of a share (create multiple targets in a link, defining a target set), right-click the link and then choose New Target. Windows Server 2003 displays the New Target dialog box, shown in Figure 26-13. The following list summarizes the options:

Figure 26-13: Specify the path and replication type when creating a new replica.

♦ Selected link. Read-only; specifies the DFS link name under which the replica is being created.

♦ Path to target (shared folder). Specify the UNC pathname for the local or network share to which the client should be redirected when accessing the folder defined by the link name.

♦ Add this target to the replication set. Replicate the folder using FRS if selected; do not replicate if not selected.

You can only specify a replication method when creating replicas within a domain-based DFS root. The replication option is dimmed when creating replicas in a standalone root. After you create the replica, you can modify its properties to define its replication policy. See the section "Configuring replication," later in this chapter, for more information on configuring a replica's replication policy.

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